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Archivo del Autor: Belen De Leon

NASA calls for more companies to join its commercial lunar lander program

NASA has opened up a call for companies to join the ranks of its nine existing Commercial Lunar Payload Services (CLPS) providers, a group it chose in November after a similar solicitation for proposals. With the CLPS program, NASA is buying space aboard future commercial lunar landers to deliver its future research, science and demonstration projects to the surface of the Moon, and it’s looking for more providers to sign up as lunar lander providers fo contracts that could prove put to $2.6 billion and extend through 2028.

The list of nine providers chosen in November 2018 includes Astrobotic Technology, Deep Space Systems, Draper, Firefly Aerospace, Intuitive Machines, Lockheed Martin, Masten Space Systems, Moon Express and OrbitBeyond. NASA is looking to these companies, and whoever ends up added to a list as a result of this second call for submissions, to bring both small and mid-size lunar landers, with the aim of delivering anything from rovers, to batteries, to payloads specific to future Artemis missions with the aim of helping establish a more permanent human presence on the Moon.

NASA’s goal in building out a stable of providers helps its Moon ambitions in a few different ways, including providing redundancy, and also offering a competitive field so that they can open up bids for specific payloads and gain price advantages.

At the end of May, NASA announced the award of over $250 million in contracts for specific payload delivery missions that were intended to take place by 2021. The three companies chosen from its list of nine providers were Astrobotic, Intuitive Machines and OrbitBeyond – OrbitBeyond told the agency just yesterday, however, that it would not be able to fulfill the contract awarded due to “internal corporate challenges” and backed out of the contract with NASA’s permission.

Given how quickly one of their providers exited one of the few contracts already awarded, and the likely significant demand there will be for commercial lander services should NASA’s Artemis ambitions even match up somewhat closely to the vision, it’s probably a good idea for the agency to build out that stable of service providers.


Source: TechCrunch

John Ratcliffe Is a Dangerous Pick for Director of National Intelligence

The director of national intelligence’s main job is to speak truth to power. Trump’s nominee, John Ratcliffe, seems destined to do the opposite.
Source: Wired

Can robots find a home in the classroom?

A few years ago, investors heralded the arrival of a future with robots in the home. Robots like Jibo, Anki’s Cozmo and Mayfield Robotics’ Kuri attracted buzz and hundreds of millions of dollars in venture capital. All three companies have since shut down, prompting Kidtech expert Robin Raskin to recently ask, “Has the sheen worn off the tech toy world?�

With the demise of these robots and their makers, it’s fair to wonder if and when there will be a time when robots have a real place in our lives. But some robots are finding a home in a counterintuitive place: schools.

Because for robots to succeed, they need to find an application that integrates with human needs — solving real problems — and sustains their use. At home, the current wave of robots may provide children with a few hours of entertainment before they are tossed aside like any other new toy.

In schools, however, robots are proving that they can serve a purpose, bridging the divide between the digital and physical worlds in ways that bring to life concepts like coding. Savvy teachers are finding that robots can help to bring project-based learning alive in ways that supports development of valuable critical thinking and problem-solving skills.

It would not be the first time that K-12 schools paved the way as early adopters of technology. Forty years ago, the Apple II was widely adopted in schools first, before desktop computers colonized the home. Laptops famously gained early momentum in schools, where their light weight and portability were tightly aligned with the rise of in-class interventions and digital content. Schools were also early adopters of tablets, which, despite a few high-profile failures, are now seemingly ubiquitous in K-12 classrooms.

The rise of robotics in K-12 schools has been buoyed by not just intrigue with the potential of new gadgets, but an increased focus on computer science education. Just a decade ago, only a few states allowed computer science to count toward STEM course requirements. Today, nearly every state allows computer science courses to fulfill core graduation requirements, and 17 states require that every high school offer computer science.

The growing importance of computer science at the high school level has, in turn, trickled down to elementary and middle schools, where teachers are turning to robots as an effective way to introduce students to states’ new K-12 computer science standards. In California, the state’s board of education now suggests that schools use robots to satisfy five of its standards.

Educators are recognizing the potential of robots, not as toys, but as powerful tools for learning.

From a design level, classroom robots are fundamentally different than those at home. Learning necessitates that — instead of bite-sized, shallow experiences, robots must provide experiences that have the depth and variety needed to keep students engaged over months and years. To succeed in the classroom, they must be accompanied by thoughtful curricular content that teachers can incorporate into their instruction. Because robots are relatively expensive, teachers need robots they can reliably use for a long time.

It’s a trend that hasn’t been lost on companies like littleBits and Sphero, which are quickly pivoting to focus on a K-12 market dominated by legacy players like Lego. Wonder Workshop robots, which gained popularity through retail channels like the Apple Store and Amazon, are now being used in more than 20,000 schools across the world. Although they currently penetrate just a fraction of the K-5 classrooms in the U.S., their success is not only drawing increased interest from investors, but fueling innovations that could have implications for pernicious equity gaps that still plague STEM classrooms — and high-tech fields.

While the toy industry has long marketed its products differently to boys and girls in ways that actually reinforce stereotypes through product design and advertising, robots designed for the classroom must appeal to all students. Earlier versions of Wonder Workshop’s Dash robot, for example, rolled around on visible wheels.

During its initial user studies, the company learned students equated wheeled robots with cars and trucks. In other words, they viewed Dash as something meant for boys. So, Wonder Workshop covered up Dash’s wheels. It worked. Today, nearly 50% of participants in the company’s Wonder League Robotics Competition are girls, with many of the winning teams each year being all-girl teams.

So while the national narrative often imagines a dystopian future where robots come for our jobs, classroom robots are actually helping teachers meet the needs of increasingly diverse classrooms. They are helping students improve their executive function, creativity and ability to communicate with others.

Educators are recognizing the potential of robots, not as toys, but as powerful tools for learning. And children as young as kindergarten are using robots to better and more quickly understand mathematical concepts. Students who have the opportunity to learn from — and with — robots in the classroom today may develop a generation of robots that can play a role in our lives well into the future. They will grow up not merely as consumers of technology, but creators of it.


Source: TechCrunch

La IA es incapaz de identificar emociones a partir de la expresión facial

Aunque haya empresas que afirman ser capaces de ofrecer reconocimiento emocional automático a partir de la cara, un estudio afirma que a la inteligencia artificial le faltan muchos datos para hacerlo con precisión. Para lograrlo, necesitaría más información como el contexto, la cultura y el lenguaje no verbal
Source: MIT

Cómo romper el techo de silicio que oprime a las mujeres en tecnología

Ningún otro sector es tan prometedor para nuestro futuro y a la vez tan machista. En él, el techo no es de cristal sino de silicio: opaco y más difícil de romper. Inauguramos este espacio para visibilizar a iniciativas y mujeres que luchan por romperlo para que las nuevas tecnologías puedan ser una solución a los problemas de todos y todas
Source: MIT

NASA taps SpaceX, Blue Origin and 11 more companies for Moon and Mars space tech

NASA has selected 13 companies to partner with on 19 new specific technology projects it’s undertaking to help reach the Moon and Mars. These include SpaceX, Blue Origin and Lockheed Martin, among others, with projects ranging from improving spacecraft operation in high temperatures to landing rockets vertically on the Moon.

Jeff Bezos-backed Blue Origin will work with NASA on developing a navigation system for “safe and precise landing at a range of locations on the Moon” in one undertaking, and also on readying a fuel cell-based power system for its Blue Moon lander, revealed earlier this year. The final design spec will provide a power source that can last through the lunar night, or up to two weeks without sunlight in some locations. It’ll also be working on further developing engine nozzles for rockets with liquid propellant that would be well-suited for lunar lander vehicles.

SpaceX will be working on technology that will help move rocket propellant around safely from vehicle to vehicle in orbit, a necessary step to building out its Starship reusable rocket and spacecraft system. The Elon Musk-led private space company will also be working with Kennedy Space Center on refining its vertical landing capabilities to adapt it to work with large rockets on the Moon, where lunar regolith (aka Moon dust) and the low-gravity, zero atmosphere environment can complicate the effects of controlled descents.

Lockheed Martin will be working on using solid-state processing to create metal powder-based materials that can help spacecraft deal better with operating in high-temperature environments, and on autonomous methods for growing and harvesting plants in space, which could be crucial in the case of future long-term colonization efforts.

Other projects will tap Advanced Space, Vulcan Wireless, Aerogel Technologies, Spirit AeroSystem, Sierra Nevada Corporation, Anasphere, Bally Ribbon Mills, Aerojet Rocketdyne, Colorado Power Electronics and Maxar; you can read about each in detail here.

NASA’s goals with these private partnerships are to both develop at speed, and decrease the cost of efforts to operate crewed space exploration, as part of its Artemis program and beyond.


Source: TechCrunch

New Google Gestures, the Capital One Hacker, and More News

Catch up on the most important news from today in two minutes or less.
Source: Wired

Here’s how to manage your kids’ Mac usage with Screen Time

Worried that your kids are spending too much time on the Mac? You need Screen Time, a new tool that comes with MacOS Catalina. It lets you impose various restrictions on Mac usage. Here’s how to get the most out of it.
Source: Digital trends

iPhones have weak quarter, but wearables are doing great

As anticipated, Apple’s hardware numbers were a mixed bag during today’s fiscal Q3 earnings report. Apple continues to shift much of its resources to services and content, including a billion-dollar push into Apple TV+. But while iPhone number were down, things weren’t all bad on the device front.

Notably, wearables are up in a big way. The category hit $5.5 billion for the quarter, up from $3.7 billion, year-over-year. The boost came in no small part due to the arrival of new AirPods, featuring wireless charging functionality, in spite of the company DOAing its AirPower charging pad.

“The wearables category is doing extremely well.” said Tim Cook on today’s earnings call. “We stuck with it when others perhaps didn’t.”

Apple CFO Luca Maestri pointed out that the revenue of the wearables division alone would make for a Fortune 200 company.

Meanwhile, iPad revenue is up 8% year-over-year, Mac revenue is up 11% and the services category it’s been putting so much focus into is up 13%.

“This was our biggest June quarter ever — driven by all-time record revenue from Services, accelerating growth from Wearables, strong performance from iPad and Mac and significant improvement in iPhone trends,� Tim Cook said in a press release tied to earnings. “These results are promising across all our geographic segments, and we’re confident about what’s ahead. The balance of calendar 2019 will be an exciting period, with major launches on all of our platforms, new services and several new products.�

The optimism around iPhone isn’t entirely universal at the moment. The quarter marked another year-over-year decline for iPhone revenues, from $29.5 billion in fiscal Q3 2018 to $25.9 billion in fiscal Q3 2019, with the category dipping below 50% of the company’s total revenue for the time period. The past several quarters have seen a decline in iPhone sales, thanks to an overall stagnation in the global market, coupled with slower than expected sales in China.

That, in turn, is the result of slowed economic growth in the country. In fact, few manufacturers have been able to buck the trend in China, save for Huawei. The embattled hardware giant has increased domestic sales through aggressive pricing strategy and an increased push for patriotic purchases as it sees political headwinds abroad.

On this evening’s call, Cook said there’s some cause for optimism when it comes to China. “I’d like to provide some color on our performance in Greater China, where we saw significant improvement compared to the first half of fiscal 2019 and return to growth and constant currency,â€� the exec said. “We experienced noticeably better year-over-year comparisons for our iPhone business there than we saw in the last two quarters. And we had sequential improvement in the performance of every category.â€�

Apple, of course, will be announcing new phones later this year, though it remains to be seen whether a new feature set will be strong enough to kickstart sales. 5G is expected to be a key driver in smartphone numbers in the year ahead, though Apple isn’t expected to offer the capability until 2020.

The company also recently agreed to purchase Intel’s modem division in an effort to build more components in house.


Source: TechCrunch

The first top-tier ray tracing-only game will land in 2023, Nvidia guru says

According to the musings of one of Nvidia’s top researchers, consumers may see the first top-notch game that requires ray tracing by 2023. Only a handful of games now support it, but the pool is growing as ray tracing technology evolves.
Source: Digital trends

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