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Archivo del Autor: Belen De Leon

The first research book written by an AI could lead to on-demand papers

The amount of research that gets published is more than any scholar can hope to keep up with, but soon they may rely on an AI companion to read thousands of articles and distill a summary from them — which is exactly what this team at Goethe University did. You can read the first published work by “Beta Writer” here… though unless you really like lithium-ion battery chemistry, you might find it a little dry.

The paper itself is called, in creative fashion, “Lithium-Ion Batteries: A Machine-Generated Summary of Current Research.” And it is exactly what it sounds like, some 250 pages of this:

The pore structure and thickness of the separator should be carefully controlled, as a satisfactory balance between mechanical strength and ionic electrical conductivity should be kept (Arora and Zhang [40]; Lee and others [33]; Zhang [50]) in order to satisfy these two functions [5]. The pore structure and porosity of the material are clearly quite crucial to the performance of the separator in a battery in addition to the separator material [5].

But as interesting as battery research is, it is only tangential to the actual purpose of this project. The creators of the AI, in an extensive and interesting preface to the book, explain that their intent is more to start a discussion of machine-generated scientific literature, from authorship questions to technical and ethical ones.

In other words, they aim to produce questions, not answers. And questions they have in abundance:

Who is the originator of machine-generated content? Can developers of the algorithms be seen as authors? Or is it the person who starts with the initial input (such as “Lithium-Ion Batteries” as a term) and tunes the various parameters? Is there a designated originator at all? Who decides what a machine is supposed to generate in the first place? Who is accountable for machine-generated content from an ethical point of view?

Having had robust debate already among themselves, their peers, and the experts with whom they collaborated to produce the book, the researchers are clear that this is only a beginning. But as Henning Schoenenberger writes in the preface, we have to begin somewhere, and this is as good a place as any.

Truly, we have succeeded in developing a first prototype which also shows that there is still a long way to go: the extractive summarization of large text corpora is still imperfect, and paraphrased texts, syntax and phrase association still seem clunky at times. However, we clearly decided not to manually polish or copy-edit any of the texts due to the fact that we want to highlight the current status and remaining boundaries of machine-generated content.

The book itself is, as they say, imperfect and clunky. But natural-sounding language is only one of the tasks the AI attempted, and it would be wrong to let it distract from the overall success.

This AI sorted through thousands upon 1,086 papers on this highly technical topic, analyzing them to find keywords, references, takeaways, ” pronominal anaphora,” and so on. The papers were then clustered and organized according to their findings in order to be presented in a logical, chapter-based way.

Representative sentences and summaries had to be pulled from the papers and then reformulated for the review, both for copyright reasons and because the syntax of the originals may not work in the new context. (Experts the team talked to said they should stay as close to the meaning of the original as possible, avoiding “creative” interpretations.)

Imagine that the best sentence from a paper starts with “Therefore, it produces a 24 percent higher insulation coefficient, as suggested by our 2014 paper.”

The AI must understand the paper well enough that it knows what “it” is, and in recasting the sentence, replace “it” with that item, and know that it can do away with “therefore” and the side note at the end.

This has to be done thousands of times and many edge cases pop up where the model doesn’t handle it right or produces some of that admittedly clunky diction. For instance: “That sort of research’s principal aim is to attain the materials with superior properties such as high capacity, fast Li-ion diffusion rate, easy to operate, and stable structure.” Henry James it isn’t, but the meaning is clear.

Ultimately the book is readable and conceivably useful, having boiled down probably ten thousand pages of research to a much more palatable 250. But as the researchers say, the promise is much greater.

The goal here, which doesn’t seem far fetched at all, is to be able to tell a service “give me a 50-page summary of the last 4 years of bioengineering.” A few minutes later, boom, there it is. The flexibility of text means you could also request it in Spanish or Korean. Parameterization means you could easily tweak the output, emphasizing regions and authors or excluding keywords or irrelevent topics.

These and a boatload of other conveniences are inherent to such a platform, assuming you don’t mind a rather stilted voice.

If you’re at all interested in scientific publishing or natural language processing, the preface by the authors is well worth a read.


Source: TechCrunch

The future of MacBook displays? Mini-LED, says a new report

Apple’s next iMacs and MacBooks could ditch LCD retina screens in favor of much more vibrant mini LED panels which offer wider-color gamuts, higher contrast ratios, as well as high-dynamic ranges.

The post The future of MacBook displays? Mini-LED, says a new report appeared first on Digital Trends.


Source: Digital trends

Facebook Is Changing News Feed (Again) to Stop Fake News

The social media giant debuted new features and tools to help in its Sisyphean fight against misinformation and abuse on Facebook, Instagram, and Messenger.
Source: Wired

Google DLP Makes It Easier to Safeguard Sensitive Data Troves

Google’s Data Loss Prevention tool finds and redacts sensitive data in the cloud. A new user interface makes now makes it more broadly accessible.
Source: Wired

Uber is expected to seek $10 billion in IPO

Uber is reportedly making its S-1 publically available tomorrow, according to Reuters. According to the IPO paperwork, Uber will sell around $10 billion worth of stock, Reuters sources say. If true, Uber’s IPO would be one of the G.O.A.T. (greatest of all time) in the tech industry since Alibaba’s 2014 IPO.

While previous reports have pegged Uber’s valuation at around $120 billion, Uber is reportedly seeking a valuation of between $90 billion and $100 billion. That decrease is reportedly influenced by Lyft’s performance on the public market. Still, that valuation is higher than its last valuation of $76 billion following a funding round.

The expected arrival of the S-1 tomorrow puts Uber on track to begin its IPO roadshow at the end of this month, and list on the New York Stock Exchange in early May. TechCrunch has independently learned Uber is indeed expected to list next month.

We’ve reached out to Uber and will update this story if we hear back.

 


Source: TechCrunch

Democrats’ net neutrality bill passes House – CNET

But Republicans in the Senate promise to shut it down before it gets a vote in that chamber.
Source: CNET

T-Mobile launches new TVision Home service for $90 a month – CNET

The upgraded and rebranded version of Layer3 TV will be available April 14, says the carrier.
Source: CNET

Google Cloud announces Traffic Director, a networking management tool for service mesh

With each new set of technologies comes a new set of terms. In the containerized world, applications are broken down into discrete pieces or micro services. As these services proliferate, it creates a service mesh, a network of services and the interactions that take place as they interact. For each new technology like this, it requires a management layer, especially for the network administrators to understand and control the new concept, in this case, the service mesh.

Today at Google Cloud Next, the company announced the Beta of Traffic Director for open service mesh, specifically to help network managers understand what’s happening in their service mesh.

“To accelerate adoption and reduce the toil of managing service mesh, we’re excited to introduce Traffic Director, our new GCP-managed, enterprise-ready configuration and traffic control plane for service mesh that enables global resiliency, intelligent load balancing, and advanced traffic control capabilities like canary deployments,” Brad Calder, VP of engineering for technical infrastructure at Google Cloud, wrote in a blog post introducing the tool.

Traffic Director provides a way for operations to deploy a service mesh on their networks and have more control over how it works and interacts with the rest of the system. The tool works with Virtual Machines, Compute Engine on GCP, or in a containerized approach, GKE on GCP.

The product is just launching into Beta today, but the road map includes additional security features and support for hybrid environments, and eventually integration with Anthos, the hybrid management tool the company introduced yesterday at Google Cloud Next.


Source: TechCrunch

Aston Martin's DB4 GT Zagato Continuation looks stunning even in assembly – Roadshow

It’s being built to commemorate Zagato’s 100th anniversary.
Source: CNET

Pokemon Go names are now up for grabs in Harry Potter: Wizards Unite – CNET

Pokemon Go and Ingress Prime players can reserve their existing Niantic game handles on the new Harry Potter game.
Source: CNET

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