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Archivo del Autor: Belen De Leon

EU Parliament member to Zuck: Did you create a digital monster? video – CNET

Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg faces tough questions from the EU Parliament, on everything from political bias to monopolies.
Source: CNET

Amazon facial recognition software raises privacy concerns with the ACLU

Amazon hasn’t exactly kept Rekognition under wraps. In late 2016, the software giant talked up its facial detection software in a relatively benign AWS post announcing that the tech was already being implemented by The Washington County Sheriff’s Office in Oregon for suspect identification.

The ACLU of Northern California is shining more light on the tech this week, however, after announcing that it had obtained documents shedding more light on the service it believes “raises profound civil liberties and civil rights concerns.”

The documents in question highlight Washington County’s database of 300,000 mug shot photos and a mobile app designed specifically for deputies to cross-reference faces. They also note that Amazon has solicited the country to reach out to other potential customers for the service, including a company that makes body cameras.

“People should be free to walk down the street without being watched by the government,” ACLU attorney Matt Cagle writes in a post tied to the news. “By automating mass surveillance, facial recognition systems like Rekognition threaten this freedom, posing a particular threat to communities already unjustly targeted in the current political climate. Once powerful surveillance systems like these are built and deployed, the harm will be extremely difficult to undo.”

The Washington Post reached out to the county’s public information officer, Deputy Jeff Talbot, in the wake of the report. The deputy told the paper that technology doesn’t stray too far from existing systems. “Our goal is to inform the public about the work we’re doing to solve crimes,” said Talbot. “It is not mass surveillance or untargeted surveillance.”

Amazon similarly deflected suggestions that the technology is inherently intrusive. “As a technology, Amazon Rekognition has many useful applications in the real world,” the company wrote in a statement to TechCrunch. “And, the utility of AI services like this will only increase as more companies start using advanced technologies like Amazon Rekognition. Our quality of life would be much worse today if we outlawed new technology because some people could choose to abuse the technology. Imagine if customers couldn’t buy a computer because it was possible to use that computer for illegal purposes? Like any of our AWS services, we require our customers to comply with the law and be responsible when using Amazon Rekognition.” 


Source: TechCrunch

Gane más seguidores en redes sociales con este truco

Los investigadores analizaban la manipulación de la información  en plataformas como Twitter cuando se toparon con una estrategia clara que podría aplicarse en cualquier campaña de publicidad y ‘marketing’, aunque dudan de si eso es algo bueno
Source: MIT

El plan casi secreto de Harvard para rejuvenecer perros y humanos

Una ‘start-up’ de la universidad liderada por el famoso biólogo George Church busca apoyos para probar técnicas de edición genética que afirma que son capaces de revertir la edad de los canes, aunque no ofrece ninguna prueba que lo demuestre. Su siguiente paso sería intentarlo en humanos
Source: MIT

Los chips que minan 'blockchain' están destruyendo su descentralización

Algunos mineros se están alzando contra el poder de la empresa china Bitmain y sus ASIC especializados en las operaciones necesarias para añadir nuevos bloques a las cadenas. Su uso está concentrando esta capacidad en muy pocas manos, lo que amenaza la naturaleza descentralizada
Source: MIT

Florida police are using Amazon’s creepy real-time facial-recognition tech

Amazon recently sold access to its real-time facial recognition tech to the Orlando, Florida, police department, which could potentially use it as part of its future crime-solving goals.

The post Florida police are using Amazon’s creepy real-time facial-recognition tech appeared first on Digital Trends.


Source: Digital trends

Watchdogs ask Googlers to stop it favoring its own search results

A new coalition of activist groups led by Yelp and TripAdvisor are renewing the fight to get Google to give a fair opportunity to all sites instead of putting its Knowledge Cards atop the results for subjective search queries. The alliance that includes Fight For The Future and Consumer Watchdog.org has assembled tens of thousands of dollars to run targeted ads on Facebook, Instagram and Twitter “calling for Google employees to introspect and examine how Google’s One Boxes or Answer Boxes are harming the open internet,” says the project’s leader Luther Lowe, Yelp’s VP of public policy.

The initiative is certainly self-serving, as Yelp and TripAdvisor have the most to lose from Google’s own local results getting to sidestep the PageRank algorithm and be shown atop search results pages before their own sites. But it’s a fair question to ask why Google’s dominance in search should let it deviate from a fair process of choosing the best result to give its content a boost.

Here’s the campaign’s promotional video:

Yelp initially launched its “FocusOnTheUser.eu” campaign targeting Google+ in 2014 as the European Union was determining whether Google abused its power to preference its shopping results. That eventually led to a €2.4 billion anti-trust fine. Yelp has now filed a complaint with the EU that extends those concerns to how it treats local business results, which Lowe said is now the biggest category of search. The campaign was timed to come alongside this week’s 60 Minutes report examining whether Google is a monopoly.

The new Focus On The User that launched today concentrates on swaying Google’s employees rather than regulators, and includes new partners like DemandProgress and American Family Voices. We’ve contacted Google requesting a statement in response to the campaign and will update if we hear back.

The coalition’s two stated goals are to get Google to:

1. Match users with the best possible information at the top of results. For local search (the most common category of search), this means creating an interoperable box and ranking Google’s content alongside other business listing pages across the web. An organic, merit-based process should pin the most relevant businesses from the web to the map. That box should provide a clear path to the source content, not a small link designed to generate a low CTR.

2. For other forms of answers (Wikipedia-powered information, recipes, etc.) rather than offering small links designed to generate low CTR, answer boxes should encourage users to leave Google.com and visit the source content for themselves. The box itself should be a clear path to the web-based information powering the box.

Essentially, the groups want Google’s results to compete with everyone elses, and for it to more prominently cite and prioritize driving more traffic to sources of info for its Knowledge Cards. The coalition’s hope is that if Google has to deal with internal complaints or risks losing talent over the issue, it might redesign search results to be a more even playing field.

“Google does not include its own content it its own index. It robots.txts itself” Lowe explains. “Why? Because it doesn’t have to be indexed because it doesn’t compete on a level playing field alongside other local search services and has rigged the most common form of search (local is 40%) in its favor.”

While it makes perfect sense for Google to simply spit back answers instead of results for immutable facts, like math equations or sports scores, it’s reasonable to expect subjective content to have to compete in the algorithm. If TripAdvisor has far more reviews for a restaurant and therefore a likely more accurate answer to whether you should eat there, it doesn’t make sense for a Google business profile based on far fewer reviews to appear first in the results.

Google has seen a sudden surge in backlash after downplaying the “don’t be evil” line in its mission statement and its Duplex demo worried people about how the company could use its new human-voiced artificial intelligence technology. This campaign could stoke that discontent. But because it comes from Google’s direct competitors like Yelp and TripAdvisor, employees may be able to write off the initiative as purely opportunistic. Unless the U.S. government gets serious about anti-trust regulation or Google’s employees cry out en masse, it may just ride out the campaign doing business as usual.

 


Source: TechCrunch

How the LAPD Uses Data to Predict Crime

The Los Angeles Police Department is using “predictive policing” to prevent crime, but this innovative approach has its problems.
Source: Wired

The birth of the Universal Digital Profile

It is a well-known fact that Europeans are generally more concerned about privacy than some other countries. Indeed, we’ve had a history of major privacy breaches that had such catastrophic consequences that it is now part of our culture that personal data should be treated as highly sensitive — something the U.S. is now catching up to in the wake of the Facebook/Cambridge Analytica scandal. The culmination of this is the new EU-wide privacy regulation, the GDPR, which will come into effect on May 25, 2018, and was a hot topic during the recent Zuckerberg testimony.

One key article is the right to personal data portability. In a nutshell, it states that users of a service can request their personal data to be transferred to another provider, without hindrance (read: in the format the other provider requests). This means that if you are no longer happy using a social network, you can switch to another one and have all of your personal data (profile, pictures, messages, posts, likes…) sent to the new provider. It’s the same idea as being able to keep your phone number when you change carrier, but applied to all of your personal data.

Although the definition of what constitutes your personal profile is still being debated (is it just the data you uploaded, or all the data that was derived from it? Does it include metadata?), it is safe to say that a big part of your online identity will soon be transferable across multiple providers.

As a user, I would decide who gets access to what and for what.

As these data transfer requests become more and more common, companies will necessarily want to minimize the effort it takes to comply. The only logical thing to do to avoid having to convert data into each provider’s format is to eventually agree on standardized formats for personal data and APIs used to access them. Our messages, social networks, location data, images, purchase history, music listening history and everything else will become standardized, just like our email or calendars have been for decades.

Consumers will eventually realize that the profiles they spent time creating can be reused without effort elsewhere. They will start treating their profiles as a shared resource amongst all providers that need similar information. For example, if you uploaded your ID on a website to be verified, you would be able to reuse that already verified profile elsewhere, removing the need to resend your info and wait for confirmation (if you tried to get your account validated on a crypto exchange recently, you know what I am talking about!).

Having a single, transferable user profile would be very similar to what Facebook does with the Facebook Connect button, but with one huge difference: Facebook would have no say into which company can or cannot access the user profile, and what they can do with it. There would be no more personal data lock-in, and no more legal terms and condition shenanigans. As a user, I would decide who gets access to what and for what.

As this Universal Digital Profile (UDP) starts becoming mainstream, an entire new economy will emerge, from personal data clouds to personal identity aggregators or data monetization platforms. All those ideas that have been floating around for years but couldn’t be scaled due to a lack of interoperability will finally come to life.

This is a major deal for the internet, and for European citizens. It’s by far one of the most profound impacts of the GDPR on our digital lives and on our digital freedom of movement. Let’s just hope that it won’t be limited to Europeans, and that companies across the globe will adopt this idea so we can Make Internet Great Again!


Source: TechCrunch

As A.I. takes over, Microsoft’s CEO sees the entire world as one big computer

At a presentation in London, Microsoft CEO Satya Nadella said the right metaphor as the company moves forward in an A.I.-first world was to view the Earth as one big computer due to the rise of A.I., cloud computing, and IoT devices.

The post As A.I. takes over, Microsoft’s CEO sees the entire world as one big computer appeared first on Digital Trends.


Source: Digital trends

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