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Archivo del Autor: Belen De Leon

9 reasons the Facebook FTC settlement is a joke

The FTC just announced the details of its settlement agreement with Facebook over years of privacy practices in violation of a previous order. To say the settlement is favorable to Facebook, even with the record $5 billion penalty, is an understatement; the company’s lawyers are probably popping champagne right about now. Here’s why.

1. $5 billion is a laugh

$5 billion may sound like a lot, but in this context it is simply not a meaningful amount. Leaving aside that Facebook at this point probably makes that in a month, it simply does not correspond to the harm done or rewards reaped.

It’s highly likely that Facebook’s “unjust enrichment,” made as a result of the forbidden user data collection in which it engaged, is more than $5 billion. As Commissioner Rohit Chopra says in his dissenting statement, “breaking the law has to be riskier than following it.” In other words, you shouldn’t be able to steal $100, then pay a fine of $50 to get off the hook.

“The fact that Facebook’s stock value increased with the disclosure of a potential $5 billion penalty may suggest that the market believes that a penalty at this level makes a violation profitable,” wrote Commissioner Rebecca Kelly Slaughter in her own dissent.

In the case of Google, which in spirit is similar to this one, the settlement with the FTC amounted to several times the company’s unjust enrichment. Why isn’t that the case with Facebook? Because the investigation didn’t look into it.

2. The investigation was rushed and incomplete

No one likes it when serious investigations of wrongdoing (not that Facebook officially admits to any) drag on for too long, since in the meantime the wrongdoing may very well continue. But this case isn’t a simple one where Facebook may have violated one or two of the FTC’s prohibitions for a short period of time in 2014. The company ignored the government-ordered restrictions systematically for years, meriting an investigation on a similar scale.

Instead of getting deep into the questions of who was responsible, how much money was made, whether public statements were misleading, the extent of public harm, etc, the investigators opted to quickly establish a pattern of violating behavior and slap the company with a nice round number. (Let’s hope the antitrust investigation announced today is a bit more thorough.)

The brevity and limitations of the investigation are evident from the fact that…

3. They didn’t grill any executives

“The Commissioners supporting this outcome do not cite a single deposition of Zuckerberg or any other Facebook officer or director,” writes Chopra. Although there may have been off-record conversations or letters from execs in response to questions sent by investigators, they did not put Zuckerberg or Sandberg or any other big players in the hot seat. Seems fundamental when the investigation alleges complicity at the highest levels, right?

But not only were no executives put to the question…

4. There are no charges or consequences for them either

“I started Facebook, and at the end of the day I’m responsible for what happens on our platform,” wrote Mark Zuckerberg last year during the fracas surrounding his questioning by Congress. Nor is that only his opinion. There is a great deal of precedent for leveling additional, complementary charges at executives alongside those aimed at the company. They might not even need testimony to do it:

“I believe there is already sufficient evidence, including through public statements, to support a charge against Mark Zuckerberg for violating the 2012 order,” writes Chopra, and Commissioner Slaughter concurred. Even if that weren’t the case, they could state with certainty that leadership, if it was not directly complicit in rulebreaking, at least failed in their responsibility to prevent it.

Going after individuals, however, may involve separate fact-finding work, expensive and time-consuming litigation, and of course the risk that after all that, the judge will rule against the FTC and officially exonerate the defendant and set an unsavory precedent. They may have decided that risk was too great, but surely if some revealing information comes to light tomorrow individual charges may result.

About that…

5. You get immunity! And YOU get immunity!

It’s ordinary in settlements like to this to “release” companies from claims that they violated an agreement — like a plea bargain where you get probation and no record in exchange for a fine and community service. But the Facebook settlement gives both the company and its executives blanket immunity, not just for any violations the FTC has claimed, but for any violations it hasn’t claimed.

In other words, it’s giving Facebook a blank slate not only for violations it definitely did, but for any it might have secretly done between 2012 and 2018. “A release of this scope is unjustified by our investigation and unsupported by either precedent or sound public policy,” writes Slaughter. “I have not been able to find a single Commission order — certainly not one against a repeat offender — that contains a release as broad as this one,” concurs Chopra.

It’s extraordinary that a repeat offender that has shown a disdain for the FTC’s authority would get such comprehensive, top-to-bottom immunity. This isn’t just a plea bargain, it’s a plenary indulgence.

6. The privacy measures are honor system

This was perhaps the FTC’s best chance to lay down strong rules as to what Facebook can and can’t do with user data going forward — especially considering the previous ones were shrugged off. Instead, apart from a few new rules like better notification of facial recognition systems, it basically just told Facebook it can do what it wants as long as it files the paperwork.

The settlement requires Facebook to document lots of things. If a new product is a potential risk, Facebook has to write a report on what data will be collected, how it will notify users, whether they can opt out, and how it is (and isn’t) planning to reduce that risk. Nowhere does the FTC spell out what constitutes unreasonable risk, minimum notification or opt-out requirements, or whether a product or strategy (like absorbing WhatsApp) is automatically suspect.

“It is akin to if federal regulators, instead of ordering automakers to install seatbelts, ordered them to document the pros and cons of installing seatbelts, and to decide for themselves whether it would be worthwhile,” writes Chopra.

As long as it files its paperwork, Facebook is free to decide what constitutes risk, damage to users, and how it should handle those things. It’s a bit like asking a bank robber to write a journal. But even if someone reads it and finds something objectionable…

7. The oversight is toothless

Facebook must establish a Privacy Committee, Compliance Officers, and an Independent Assessor to make sure that the rules it sets for itself are sufficient and being followed sufficiently. Unfortunately, what they do is a whole lot of reviewing, certifying, and briefing, and no doing.

The Compliance Officers sign off on the privacy program, to be sure, but they have few specific goals, like prevent this or ensure that. The Assessor also lacks authority, so if they decide the privacy program is not working out, they simply register their complaint and wait for Facebook to justify itself.

The “independent” committee’s makeup will be highly affected by the powers that be at Facebook, which have enormous voting power and will be able to make it hard on any troublesome members. Even if they couldn’t, the committee has no power over management — it’s just another Facebook-issued stamp for Facebook-written paperwork.

8. Fancy meeting you here

Federal Trade Commission building

Not pictured: revolving door at front entrance

As The Hill’s Harper Neidig points out: Sean Royall, Facebook’s head counsel in these proceedings, was deputy director at the FTC’s Competition Bureau (not the Bureau of Consumer Protection, which led this action) from 2001-2003. His boss at the bureau then was Joseph Simons — the current chairman of the FTC.

It’s probably just a coincidence.

9. It changes nothing, and endorses Facebook’s continued monetization of mass surveillance

Nothing in this order challenges the fundamental problem that over the last decade has increasingly caused friction between Facebook and both its users and (supposed) regulators: that its business model is predicated on mass collection of personal data on its users, which it distills then sells to advertisers.

That’s a business model that should give any consumer protection regulator pause, and yet this settlement is a tacit endorsement of it. The order really amounts to little more than additional paperwork for Facebook to fill out while it pursues its original course without any divergence.

To be fair, the FTC is a reactive agency and as such is limited by in how much it can really require proactively. But it doesn’t seem like they were testing those limits today. The decision not to litigate, the unimaginative penalty amount, and the eye-popping immunity grant suggest the agency is working comfortably within them and just wanted to get this thing out the door.

The requirements of the settlement were barely even considered on today’s earnings call, on which there appeared to be an understanding that it wouldn’t affect much if anything at all. Even the fear that Zuckerberg voiced earlier today that it would require hiring a thousand people who might otherwise be working on new products (a questionable claim, incidentally) went unaddressed.

This was an opportunity for the FTC to demonstrate that the U.S. is a venue where global internet companies like Facebook can still be held accountable for their actions. It was made clear today that not only will a big check change that, but that the check doesn’t even have to be that big.


Source: TechCrunch

Tesla co-founder and CTO JB Straubel stepping down

Tesla co-founder and CTO JB Straubel is stepping down from his day-to-day role as an executive at at the automaker, CEO Elon Musk announced during a conference call with analysts Wednesday.

Drew Baglino, vice president of tech, will take over his duties, Musk said.

Straubel will stay on a senior advisor role.

“I’m not disappearing, and I just wanted to make sure that people understand that this was not some, you know, lack of confidence in the company or the team or anything like that,â€� Straubel said.

Developing

 

 


Source: TechCrunch

Tesla has begun preparations for Model Y production at its Fremont factory

Tesla has already started the preparations required to get production started on its forthcoming Model Y compact all-electric SUV, according to Tesla CEO Elon Musk . Musk noted that prep had started at its facility in Fremont during his introductory comments on the automaker’s Q2 2019 earnings call, confirming a report from CNBC from March.

In Tesla’s first earnings call for 2019, Musk said that it was in the process of deciding between Fremont and its Gigafactory in Nevada for production of the Model Y, which is going to be based on the Model 3 platform and will share some of its componentry, something that Musk noted will help reduce its cost of production.

The Model Y, revealed in March, looks quite similar at first glance to the Model 3. It has a slightly higher profile, however, putting it in this compact SUV range. It has similar interior features to the Model 3, including the horizontal 15-inch touchscreen, and also features a panoramic roof more like its larger Model X premium all-electric SUV sibling. Pricing for the Model Y will begin at $39,000, and that version will have a 230-mile range. It’s currently planned to ship sometime in the fall of 2020.


Source: TechCrunch

House passes bill to block robocalls – CNET

The bipartisan Stopping Bad Robocalls Act​ requires calls to be verified and allows the FCC to take action against robocallers.
Source: CNET

Japan's Tokyo 2020 Olympics medals are made from old phones – CNET

5,000 gold, silver and bronze medals have been made from recycled electronics.
Source: CNET

5G customers predicted to hit 1 billion by 2023 – CNET

And that’s just in Asia and North America, IHS says.
Source: CNET

Facebook reveals new FTC investigation as Q2 earnings show continued growth – CNET

The agency is looking into antitrust concerns.
Source: CNET

Tesla ‘on track’ to begin Model 3 production at China factory by end of year

Tesla said Wednesday that Model 3 production is on track to begin at its Shanghai factory by the end of the year — a critical milestone for the automaker if it hopes to continue to increase sales and avoid the high cost of shipping and tariffs.

The Gigfactory Shanghai “continues to take shape,” Tesla wrote in its quarterly earnings letter to shareholders. Machinery was moved into the factory during the second quarter in preparation for the first phase of production.

“Depending on the timing of the Gigafactory Shanghai ramp, we continue to target production of over 500,000 vehicles globally in the 12-month period ending June 30, 2020,” the company wrote.

That is a rosier outlook than the company provided just three months ago when it said that goal didn’t appear very likely. At the time, Tesla noted that it was “targeting” as many as 500,000 vehicles globally based on reaching volume production early in the fourth quarter. “However, based on what we know today, being able to produce over 500,000 vehicles globally in the 12-month period ending June 30, 2020 does appear very likely,” the company wrote in its first-quarter earnings letter posted April 24.

The production line at the factory in China will have a capacity of 150,000 units annually and will be a simplified, more cost-effective version of the Model 3 line at its Fremont, Calif. factory. Tesla previously said this second-generation Model 3 line will be at least 50% cheaper per unit of capacity than its Model 3-related lines in Fremont and at its Gigafactory in Sparks, Nev.

Tesla is counting on sales in China to continue its sales momentum.

“Given Chinese customers bought well over a half million mid-sized premium sedans last year, this market poses a strong long-term opportunity for Tesla,” the company said Wednesday.

Producing the Model 3 locally would reduce the costs of shipping and tariffs. However, that doesn’t remove every obstacle there.

Automotive sales in China have taken a hit over the past year. The first signs of a recovery were reported earlier this month when preliminary numbers from the China Passenger Car Association showed vehicle sales rose 4.9% to 1.8 million units in June from a year earlier. That’s the first increase since May 2018 for the world’s biggest market.


Source: TechCrunch

Equifax breach: How to claim your share of the $700M settlement – CNET

If you were one of the 147 million people affected, it’s time to prep your claim.
Source: CNET

Por qué el Gobierno de EE. UU. teme a Libra, la criptomoneda de Facebook

La semana pasada, la empresa se sometió a dos interrogatorios para intentar aclarar qué es y cómo funcionará. Las respuestas dejaron claro que si sus planes salen bien, la red social se hará un inmenso poder económico que podría desestabilizar monedas y gobiernos 
Source: MIT

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