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Archivo del Autor: Belen De Leon

2020 BMW 8 Series Gran Coupe is a four-door grand tourer – Roadshow

BMW’s latest 8 Series is a rakish four-door that’s big on comfort.
Source: CNET

Acusan a las megaconstelaciones de satélites de ser puro espectáculo

Ante la falta de regulación espacial, varias empresas planean lanzar cantidades ingentes de dispositivos a la órbita para sus distintos planes de negocio. Pero, ¿de verdad SpaceX necesita tener 12.000 de ellos dando vueltas alrededor de la Tierra? ¿No son demasiados?
Source: MIT

Este nuevo material sostenible y resistente podría sustituir al plástico

Una serie de biocompuestos derivados del tabaco presentan propiedades mecánicas similares a las del plástico y la madera comerciales, y se biodegradan de forma natural en solo 14 semanas. Se trata de una innovación que podría tener importantes aplicaciones de ingeniería y estructurales
Source: MIT

Reconocimiento facial: ¿la nueva amenaza contra los derechos humanos?

La presión social está provocando que cada vez más ciudades empiecen a prohibir determinados usos de la tecnología, sobre todo por parte de la policía y las empresas. No sería la primera vez que la sociedad descubre una nueva tecnología y decide no usarla
Source: MIT

Equifax, Doordash and beyond: Every major security breach and data back that exposed you – CNET

We’ve started a running list, and the results are sobering.
Source: CNET

Best cases for the iPhone 11, 11 Pro and 11 Pro Max – CNET

Looking for a new case for your new iPhone? Here are our current top picks.
Source: CNET

Congress Grills the Spy Chief, Google’s Quantum ‘Victory,’ and More News

Catch up on the most important news from today in two minutes or less.
Source: Wired

'The Legend of Zelda: Link's Awakening' Is Ahead of Its Time

The game’s original version came out in 1993. The remake for Nintendo Switch shows how revolutionary it was.
Source: Wired

Privacy in a digital world

Technological progress has created a situation of severe tension and incompatibility between the right to privacy and the extensive data pooling on which the digital economy is based. This development requires new thinking about the substance of that right.

In the last decade, both governments and giant corporations have become data miners, collecting information about every aspect of our activities, behavior and lifestyle. New and inexpensive forms of data storage and the internet connectivity revolution — not only in content, but in fact — in just about everything (from smart appliances to nanobots inside people’s bodies) — enable the constant transmission of big data from sensors and data-collection devices to central “brains�; the artificial intelligence revolution has made it possible to analyze the masses of data gathered in this way.

The intensive collection of data and the inherent advantages of the new technology have spawned the cynical idea that privacy is dead, and we might as well just get used to that fact. In what follows, I will describe three aspects of the right to privacy that have become especially relevant in the digital world. I will then demonstrate that not only is privacy still alive and kicking, but also that we should treat it with the respect it deserves as the most important of all human rights in the digital world.

The first perspective on privacy in the digital world is the idea that the appropriate reaction to the massive pooling of data is to enhance this right, so that we all have better control over our personal information. Individuals should be able to choose what space within their personal domain can be accessed by others and to control the manner, scope and timing of its exposure.

From this perspective, and in a different and more extreme fashion than with regard to other human rights, the borders of the right to privacy allow for compromise and flexibility. Thanks to this control, I — as an individual — have the right to view the content of databases containing information about me. Furthermore, no one is allowed to make any use of this information without my consent, except in extraordinary circumstances. I retain the privilege to agree to the terms of use before I download an app onto my cell phone or began to use freeware — product categories whose economic model rests on commercializing my personal data.

Above all, we need to understand the limits of privacy as control.

This approach is reflected in the regulations requiring my consent for others to make use of and process personal data, ensure my access to data about myself and stipulate that I can have it deleted, corrected or transferred to a different company.

But there is one serious problem with this approach: It is utter fiction. It simply isn’t possible to speak about consent to violations of privacy in a world in which data is processed in many ways and for many purposes, some of which cannot be foreseen at the time when consent is granted. Furthermore, every beginning scholar of behavioral psychology will tell you that no one reads the terms of use, even when they are phrased concisely or displayed in large print — neither of which is the case, of course.

Were this not enough, there is also the psychological phenomenon of the “privacy paradox,� which refers to the discrepancy between the concept of privacy reflected in what users say (“I care deeply about my privacy�) and their actual behavior (“A free pizza? Fantastic! What information do you need?�)

The downside of the notion of privacy as control is that our control of our personal data is quite fictional. There is an overall problem — whereby commercial entities avail themselves of huge tranches of private information without having obtained real consent for doing so. This information, in turn, can be put to various uses, some of which are of value, while others pose serious threats to society.

Above all, we need to understand the limits of privacy as control. It is clear that the best approach would be to upgrade our digital literacy and learn how to deal with the situation; but the problems noted here make this idea only minimally relevant. Perhaps the solution is to start with clearer legislation — national or international — that defines reasonable and legitimate uses of personal information and mandates companies to obtain  the consent of the individual involved, only when the proposed use does not fall into that category.

Somewhat paradoxically, the second approach to the right to privacy in a digital world relates to the most basic and classic connotation of the right to privacy — the “right to be left alone.� This refers to our right to preserve and protect our identity and maintain a safe and protected space around our body, thoughts, feelings, darkest secrets, lifestyle and intimate activities. A world with sensors and surveillance cameras all around us, along with recording devices and gadgets that are constantly monitoring what we do, has far-reaching psychological ramifications.

In the discourse on privacy, we tend to deal chiefly with questions of controlling the transmission or management of information after it has been collected, with regards to issues of data anonymization, security and encryption. But what we need at the present time is to ask whether there really is a commercial, business or public need to collect our private data so obsessively.

Against the clear advantages of technological progress, commercial convenience and even law enforcement, we must weigh the chilling effect on curiosity, on trust, on creativity, on intimate activity, on the ability to think outside the box — which is the critical spark to innovation.

What’s more, the essential feature of all digital personal assistants is the human traits (voice, face, language) with which their developers have endowed them. These devices are supposed to give us the feeling that there is another human being in the room. Researchers have shown that in contrast to our behavior with what we perceive as a machine (such as a computer or telephone), we react to humanized technology as if a real person were standing there. The right to be left alone will get a whole new meaning, then, different than in the internet age.

The third approach to the right to privacy is the idea that privacy should make it impossible for commercial or government entities to combine our personal data with big data amassed from other people in order to construct precise personality, psychological and behavioral profiles through machine learning. This phenomenon, known as the “autonomy trap,� applies to information about emotional tendencies, insecurity, sexual orientation (even of persons still in the closet), fears and anxieties and more.

The problem is that the personality profile is used for retargeting advertisements of products or services or for other facets of influencing behavior — all of it in a way that is precisely tailored to the needs associated with the profile.

In a world in which it is possible to pool and analyze information about us in order to generate buying and behavior recommendations “just for you� (purchases on Amazon, shows on Netflix, navigation guides such as Waze), we in effect are unwittingly surrendering some of our decision-making autonomy to systems that know what is the best route to our destination and what we should eat. 

Without individual privacy there is no meaning to an individual’s life.

We also are exposed to attempts at individual persuasion tailored just for us, with a power, invasiveness and capacity that did not exist in the past. Think “self-restraint preference algorithms� power devices, such as personal assistants, whose purpose is to learn as much about us as possible — what we are interested in, who our friends are, our habits, our mood — and then to help us by sending messages, making phone calls, setting appointments, ordering products or making travel reservations.

We must remember the slippery slope from the use of techniques for collecting personal information in order to offer products and services, and the use of the very same techniques to influence our thoughts, creates an autonomy trap about beliefs, and undermines our trust in democratic institutions — in brief, manipulates elections.

The Cambridge Analytica scandal in the spring of 2018 — which took the lid off the exploitation of personal data in order to sway the elections in many countries — shows that the right to privacy goes far beyond individual control of information and extends to a threat to the very possibility of conducting a sound democratic process, and thus — of protecting all human rights.

And so, in the digital world, privacy must be seen as a crucially important right for us as a society, as a collective. At the conceptual level it needs to go through the same process of evolution as its older sibling, the right to freedom of expression. Just as freedom of expression started out as the right of individuals to scream to their heart’s content, and developed into a collective right that sustains a rich and functional public discourse so that we can engage in a healthy democratic process, so too privacy must grow and develop — from the right of individuals to trade in their own data, into a collective right of defense against autonomy traps, in the context of elections and mind control.

The laws governing commercial competition will have to develop ideas that see personal data as an independent market. Antitrust agencies will have to look at the concentration of the personal data held by a single entity.

By the same token, the laws on election propaganda will have to regulate what types of personal information may not be exploited in campaigns, and determine whether there are techniques whose persuasive and manipulative powers are so great that they should be banned.

Privacy is not dead. In fact, it has become our most basic right and must be protected. Without individual privacy there is no meaning to an individual’s life, and without privacy, democracy loses all meaning.


Source: TechCrunch

At the sixth annual Pear Demo Day, weather balloons, branded credit cards and lots of top degrees

Pear, a Palo Alto-based seed-stage fund that has made its name through early bets on Guardant Health, DoorDash, Memebox and Gusto, hosted its sixth annual demo day this week in what proved to be a scorchingly hot afternoon in Woodside, Calif. — not that invitees were put off by the heat.

Hundreds of investors showed up at a sprawling public estate and surrounding gardens to see the dozen teams that Pear spent the summer working with, each of them less than nine months old, according to Pear, and many incorporated only in recent months. (Each has also only received less than $200,000 so far from Pear, and no other institutional investment.)

While some are sure to evolve into other ideas or dissolve into other endeavors, the whole of the group gave those gathered food for thought and a first look at some very solid talent.

Following are the companies that presented:

1) Windborne: Founded by three Stanford grads and another from Harvard, this startup aims to improve the accuracy of weather data where it’s currently limited, like over oceans, by using weather balloons that could allow the team to do things like tell shipping companies which route to take to minimize fuel burn. CEO Paige Brown also says their system can fly 60 times longer than existing solutions and for the same price. The more specific claim: that in a single $350 flight, a Windborne balloon can fly for more than five days and travel a quarter of the way around the world, collecting direct measurements in places no one else can.

The team apparently bonded as engineers in the Stanford Student Space Initiative and they’ve all worked at SpaceX.

Windborne

2) Guild: This one was started by two Stanford grads and helps companies make branded credit cards. Why would they bother? Because, the startup claims, branded credit cards are a lot more lucrative — increasing spending by 20%, cutting churn by roughly half and generating $50 per year of profit per customer. Co-founder Michael Spelfogel says he knows of which he speaks, having tried, unsuccessfully, to launch a branded credit card while at Lyft.

He also says the idea is to partner with sports teams first.

Guild

3) Polimorphic: Started by two computer scientists out of MIT, this startup is building a “civic media platform” meant to help politicians communicate with constituents in an interactive way. The platform basically invites constituents to express their views directly to political and government leaders, while giving campaigns, civic groups and governments a way to engage with those individuals (though the latter has to pay to do this). It’s a meaningful market, they argue, saying that campaign spending has been growing by 50% in between major election cycles, with $9 billion spent in 2016 alone.

Of course, because this was a demo day, the founders also talked about their traction, saying they already have three letters of intent, and volunteering that they’re in early talks with three presidential campaigns.

Polimorphic

4) Gradio: Launched by graduates of Stanford, Georgia Institute of Technology, NYU and MIT, Gradio says it speeds up the process of collecting and labeling data for use with AI and machine learning. The “Gradio data engine” corrects mislabeled data, identifies and removes “low value” data and highlights the highest-value data. It’s a smart pitch, considering that acquiring and labeling data right now requires tons of human labor and often requires pricey domain expertise and that, even so, something like one if five data points is mislabeled at a typical AI company.

As for who will use the technology, the founders say they’re targeting companies in the natural language processing space first.

Gradio

5) Sympto Health: Launched by two founders from UC San Diego (one who graduated, one who dropped out to build Sympto), this startup is trying to tackle a universal problem, which is that patients very often forget clinical instructions, and when that happens, they sometimes wind up being readmitted to the hospital.

Sympto ties into a care facility’s existing systems/workflows and sends “patient engagement” messages — things like surgery checklists, pre-appointment questionnaires, etc. — to minimize missed information and unnecessary readmissions. It says its patient-as-an-engagement service has already landed the company two enterprise contracts worth $300,000, too.

Screen Shot 2019 09 26 at 12.29.50 PM

6) Smarty: This startup was founded by a single person with multiple degrees (HBS, MIT) who previously worked as a software engineer at Yammer.

What she has built: an automation tool that’s focused on business tasks like scheduling meetings, making introductions and finding flights for out of town meetings. The tool is being made available first to users of G Suite and Office 365 (which have 200 million paying users, combined), who are being asked to pay Smarty $20 a month for its workflow automation tool. Eventually, though, it aims to be its own client.

Screen Shot 2019 09 26 at 1.01.34 PM

7) Impct: Started by two MBAs from National Chengchi University and another from Stanford, Impct is making what it called snacks for good. It’s not that they’re more healthful than other options; instead, the idea is for companies to buy these white-label snacks for their offices, then re-invest a percentage of their sales into social responsibility programs chosen by employees. The thinking is that employees want their kombucha; why not spend on snack bars and drinks that give back?

Screen Shot 2019 09 26 at 1.14.39 PM

8) Learn to Win: Started by two Stanford MBAs who say traditional learning management systems fall short of the needs of high-performance teams, Learn to Win is a “micro learning” training program that’s right now being used by 100 sports organizations; it also has a signed contract with the Air Combat Command to train fighter pilots.

What the program ostensibly offers: content that’s presented in a visual and easy-to-use content authoring engine, the ability to deploy mobile active learning content to users, and and the ability to quickly evaluate results and iterate.

Next on the startup’s to-do list: enticing other entities with training challenges, including in the commercial airline industry, at oil and gas companies and within police and fire departments.

Screen Shot 2019 09 26 at 1.25.01 PM

9) Fanimal: Founders with degrees from Stanford, Columbia University and UC Berkeley (and who’ve worked at Boston Consulting Group, Gunderson Dettmer and Hackbright Academy) decided to come together to tackle two annoying problems associated with buying tickets for live events: high fees, and that feeling when you buy tickets for a group of people . . . then need to chase them down for reimbusement.

With Fanimal, everyone in a social group pays individually and receives their own tickets, and there are no hidden fees. Instead, Fanimal makes money by adding a “small markup” to tickets. Since launching a few weeks ago, they’ve sold more than $31,000 in tickets.

Screen Shot 2019 09 26 at 1.30.30 PM

10) Xilis: A Stanford PhD and a PhD from UNC Chapel Hill who are both now Duke University professors focused on oncology and precision health came together for this company out of their acute awareness that when someone is diagnosed with cancer, finding the right treatment frequently takes months and often comes with countless side effects. To speed along the process, their company, Xilis, uses “micro-organoids” to make thousands of 3D replicas of a patient’s tumor in about six days, which the company says can be used for testing for drug compatibility faster.

They say it works, too. At least, the co-founders, Xiling Shen and David Hsu, say they’ve tested the technology with 12 patients, with a 100% success rate in predicting how a tumor will respond to medication.

Screen Shot 2019 09 26 at 1.38.53 PM 1

 

11) Equipped: Founded by two Stanford grads who’ve worked variously for the NBA, Tesla and Amazon, Equipped has an interesting proposal. What if instead of lugging an oversized umbrella to the beach or bringing a soccer ball to the park, you could get these things where they make sense, in on-demand equipment lockers at the beach, or outside a park, where you could rent what you need, then return it?

Nike seems to like the idea. CEO Dan Mandelman says the sports retail giant is paying them $200,000 for six lockers in LA, with the cities of Burlingame, San Ramon and Redwood City currently implementing pilot programs.

Screen Shot 2019 09 26 at 1.44.31 PM

12) Maker: Two Stanford MBAs with marketing and management consultant experience have created a marketplace for small-batch wines.

Maker finds small/independent wineries, cans their product under the Maker label, then delivers to the end customer.

Screen Shot 2019 09 26 at 1.58.41 PM

By the way, you can get a flavor for Pear’s demo day here if you’re curious.

 


Source: TechCrunch

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